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Modular PARISS prism based hyperspectral imaging system

PARISS® Hyperspectral Imaging

PARISS hyperspectral imaging is a laboratory based hardware and software system. 

Tripod mounted PARISS imaging spectrometer

Tripod mounted PARISS hyperspectral imaging system for outdoor applications

PARISS modular imaging spectrometer

Modular assembly provides significant flexibility for any laboratory.

PARISS hyperspectral microscope

The PARISS hyperspectral imaging system mounted on a research microscope

PARISS®: Prism And Mirror Imaging Spectroscopy System

Hyperspectral and Multi-Spectral Imaging Methodologies

Spectra presented by objects in a FOV are correlated to spectra in a reference library. An imaging spectrometer acquires spatially resolved spectra with hundreds of contiguous wavelengths providing hundreds of wavelength data points per spectrum.

Spectral imaging instruments almost always use a diffraction grating or a prism as the wavelength dispersive element.

LightForm designs unique hyperspectral imaging systems  for use in the  laboratory and the field.

Multispectral Imaging

Multispectral imaging evaluates a field of view (FOV) with non-contiguous wavelengths.  Instruments are often based on a liquid crystal tunable filter (LCTF) or an acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) in front of a scientific matrix-array camera.  These devises often operate with low spectral resolution with up to 100 wavelength data points.

Hyperspectral Imaging

Hyperspectral imaging, also referred to as imaging spectroscopy, was originally developed for remote Earth sensing in the mid-1970s.  Since then, advances in computer technology enabled innovative spectroscopic hardware designs that reduced weight and improved sensitivity.

In 1996 LightForm utilized these advances to pioneer hyperspectral imaging microscopy for biological and medical applications.  The goal required that the instrument be sensitive enough to handle low light levels, and compact enough to easily mount as an accessory on almost any microscope without external support.  Essentially a laboratory solution based on satellite remote sensing technology .

A Unique Prism With Curved Sides Dramatically Increases System Sensitivity


In order to increase sensitivity diffraction grating designs were discarded in favor of a prism-based system.  Originally developed by The Aerospace Corporation* for remote sensing.  After redesign, the PARISS imaging spectrograph was ideal for use as a microscope accessory.

The final design resulted in a prism with curved sides that was named using an acronym “PARISS®” (Prism and Reflector Imaging Spectroscopy System”).

The curved sides add optical power to deliver near aberration-free imaging, with 90% efficiency from 365 to 920-nm.

The net result is a significant improvement in signal to noise ratio (S/N) when compared to diffraction grating solutions.  Enhanced sensitivity extends into the near IR where detectors and visible diffraction gratings are at their lowest efficiency. See here for details.

The PARISS imaging spectrograph was then developed into a modular hyperspectral system and the PARISS hyperspectral microscope

PARISS Hyperspectral Software

3D presentation of spectral characteristics

Custom software shows the location and distribution of all, or selected, spectral-objects on a spectral topographical map.

Unlike most hyperspectral software PARISS utilizes Spectral Waveform Cross Correlation Analysis (SWCCA) in order to best extract signal buried in noise and increase sensitivity.  This translates into faster acquisition time even in a low S/N environment.

Click here for a performance comparison between
a prism and a diffraction grating

How PARISS Analytical Hyperspectral Imaging Works

How PARISS Hyperspectral Wavelength Dispersive Imaging Works

Darkfield hyperspectral nanoparticle characterization 

How PARISS hyperspectral imaging microscopy works

PARISS hyperspectral imaging microscopy modes of operation

All PARISS Hyperspectral systems are custom configured to meet the needs of an application.
The above configuration is for
guidance only. Specifications can and do change without notice.